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05 June 2024

Family reunification in Romania

Family reunification in Romania is a vital process for individuals seeking to bring their loved ones together. Whether you're an expatriate working in Romania or a Romanian citizen, understanding the legal framework, requirements, and procedures for family reunification visa can simplify your journey. This guide explores the key aspects of family reunification visa in Romania, including eligibility criteria, application processes, and the benefits of reuniting with your family in this beautiful European country. Discover how Romania's immigration policies support family unity and what steps you need to take to ensure a smooth reunification process.

 

Family reunification Romania, family immigration Romania, Romania family visa

 

Discover the pathway to family unity and legal residency in Romania through family reunification visa. Explore eligibility criteria, required documents, and the process to bring your loved ones together. Start your journey towards permanent residency and citizenship in Romania today. Family reunification in Romania is a vital process for individuals seeking to bring their loved ones together. Whether you're an expatriate working in Romania or a Romanian citizen, understanding the legal framework, requirements, and procedures for family reunification can simplify your journey. This guide explores the key aspects of family reunification visa in Romania, including eligibility criteria, application processes, and the benefits of reuniting with your family in this beautiful European country. Discover how Romania's immigration policies support family unity and what steps you need to take to ensure a smooth reunification process.

 

Brief overview for understanding family reunification visa in Romania

 

Family is the cornerstone of society, and keeping families together is a priority for many countries around the world, including Romania. Family reunification is a legal process that allows family members from different countries to be reunited and live together in Romania. This guide will provide you with detailed information about the family reunification process in Romania, including eligibility criteria, application procedures, and necessary documentation.

 

Family reunification in Romania is governed by various laws and regulations aimed at ensuring that families can live together while adhering to the country’s immigration policies. The primary legislation regulating this process is the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 194/2002 on the regime of aliens in Romania, which has been amended several times to reflect current standards and requirements.

 

Definition, legal framework and significance of family reunification in International Law

 

What is family reunification? 

 

Family reunification refers to the process through which family members who have been separated by borders are allowed to legally immigrate to join their relatives in another country. This process is essential for maintaining the integrity and unity of families, especially in contexts where migration has caused physical and emotional separations. Family reunification typically involves spouses, children, parents, and sometimes other dependent relatives.

 

Legal frameworks and policies governing family reunification

 

Family reunification is a critical aspect of immigration policies and international law, aimed at preserving the family unit, ensuring human rights, and fostering social stability and economic growth. Family reunification in Romania is governed by a robust legislative framework designed to uphold family unity and support social stability. By understanding the legal requirements and following the correct procedures, families can navigate the reunification process successfully. Staying informed about the latest laws and seeking professional guidance can ensure a smooth and successful reunification journey in Romania.

Several international agreements and national regulations underscore the importance of family reunification, establishing legal frameworks and policies to facilitate family reunification, such as:

International legal frameworks

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Article 16 of the UDHR emphasizes the protection of the family as the fundamental group unit of society, underlining the right to family life.

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Article 23 of the ICCPR highlights the protection of family life and the right of individuals to marry and establish a family.

  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Articles 9 and 10 of the CRC focus on ensuring that children are not separated from their parents against their will and outline the process for family reunification.

 

European Union Policies

  • Directive 2003/86/EC. This directive sets out the right to family reunification for non-EU nationals residing legally in an EU member state. It establishes criteria for eligibility, application procedures, and the rights of family members once reunited.

  • European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Article 8 of the ECHR guarantees the right to respect for private and family life, providing a basis for family reunification claims.

 

Key legislation governing family reunification visa in Romania

 

  • Romanian Immigration Law (Law No. 122/2006 on Asylum). This law outlines the general framework for asylum and immigration in Romania, including provisions for family reunification. It specifies the eligibility criteria, required documentation, and procedural steps for family reunification applications.

  • Government Ordinance No. 194/2002 on the Regime of Foreigners in Romania. This ordinance regulates the entry, stay, and exit of foreign nationals in Romania. It includes detailed provisions on family reunification, particularly for non-EU nationals residing in Romania.

 

Family reunification is a vital aspect of immigration policy, promoting social cohesion and stability. Understanding the legal frameworks and policies governing this process is essential for ensuring a successful application. By adhering to international and national laws, and staying informed about the requirements and procedures, families can navigate the reunification process more effectively and build a united life together.

 

Significance of family reunification in International Law

 

Family reunification is recognized as a fundamental human right under various international legal frameworks. Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights emphasizes the right of the family to protection by society and the state. The family is considered the natural and fundamental group unit of society, deserving of state and societal protection.

Family reunification contributes to the social stability and economic development of host countries. Reunited families are more likely to integrate successfully, contribute economically, and participate actively in their communities. Stable family units provide emotional support, enhance well-being, and foster social cohesion.

While family reunification is a recognized right, challenges such as lengthy processing times, stringent eligibility criteria, and bureaucratic hurdles can impede the process. International law provides mechanisms for protection and advocacy to address these challenges, ensuring that the right to family life is upheld.

In conclusion, family reunification is a critical aspect of immigration policies and international law, aimed at preserving the family unit, ensuring human rights, and fostering social stability and economic growth.

Eligibility criteria for family reunification visa in Romania

 

To qualify for family reunification in Romania, certain conditions must be met by both the sponsor (the person residing in Romania) and the family members seeking reunification:

 

Sponsor requirements for family reunification visa in Romania:

 

  • The sponsor (the individual residing in Romania) must hold a valid residence permit, have adequate housing, and demonstrate sufficient financial means to support the family members.

  • The sponsor must be a Romanian citizen, an EU/EEA/Swiss citizen, or a non-EU citizen legally residing in Romania with a temporary residence permit valid for one year, an EU Blue Card, an ICT permit, a "Mobile ICT" permit, a long-term residence permit, or if the sponsor is recognized as a refugee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection.

  • If the sponsor possess a residence permit for engaging in scientific research activities or hold an EU Blue Card, an ICT permit, or a "Mobile ICT" permit, he has the opportunity to apply for family reunification, regardless of whether the duration of your residence permit is less than one year.

  • The sponsor must demonstrate that they have: 

    1. Legal Residency: The sponsor must hold a valid residence permit in Romania. This includes work permits, study permits, or permanent residency.

    2. Financial Stability: The sponsor must demonstrate sufficient financial means to support the family members. This includes proof of income through employment, business, or other legal sources.

    3. Adequate Housing: The sponsor must provide evidence of suitable accommodation that meets the living standards required by Romanian law.

    4. Health insurance coverage for themselves and their family members.

 

Eligible family members for reunification visa in Romania: spouses, minor children, and dependent parents are typically eligible for reunification. In some cases, extended family members may also qualify.

 

Family members eligible for reunification include:

  • Spouse: The sponsor's legally married spouse or registered partner.

  • Children: Minor children (under 18 years) of the sponsor and/or their spouse, including adopted children. Also, it may be included the adult dependent children who cannot support themselves due to health conditions.

  • Parents: Dependent parents of the sponsor or their spouse.

  • Extended Family: In some cases, other dependent family members may be eligible, but this is less common and subject to additional scrutiny.

 

Relationship proof for the reunification of the family:

 

Applicants must provide official documents (marriage certificates, birth certificates) to prove their family relationship.

  • Marriage Certificate: For spouses, a legal marriage certificate is required.

  • Birth Certificates: For children, birth certificates proving the relationship to the sponsor are needed.

  • Adoption Papers: For adopted children, legal adoption documents are necessary.

 

Proof of dependency essential for family reunification visa in Romania

 

For dependent parents or other relatives, documents proving financial and social dependency on the sponsor are required

 

Understanding the eligibility criteria for family reunification in Romania is crucial for bringing your loved ones together. By meeting the requirements, preparing the necessary documentation, and following the correct procedures, you can ensure a smooth and successful reunification process. For detailed guidance and assistance, consult the General Inspectorate for Immigration or seek advice from immigration professionals.

Reuniting with family is a significant and joyful step, and being well-prepared can make the process much more manageable and less stressful.

Required documents for the reunification visa of the family in Romania

 

When applying for family reunification in Romania, the following documents must be prepared being necessary for the analysis of the Immigration General Inspectorate (IGI):

 

  1. Valid passports: passports of both the sponsor and the family members. Ensure that the passports are up-to-date and have sufficient validity for the duration of the reunification process.

  2. Document validating the sponsor's permission to stay in Romania: a copy of the sponsor's valid residence permit. The sponsor must provide a copy of their valid residence permit in Romania. This could be a work permit, study permit, or permanent residency card.

  3. Proof of relationship: marriage certificates, birth certificates, and adoption papers as applicable or, where appropriate, proof of kinship, as the authorities in charge have officially issued it, and it must be translated, legalized, or apostilled as per the legal requirements.

    1. Marriage certificate: for spouses, a legal marriage certificate is required. If the marriage certificate is from another country, it may need to be translated and apostilled or legalized.

    2. Birth certificates: for children, birth certificates proving the relationship to the sponsor are necessary. These may also need translation and legalization if issued outside Romania.

    3. Adoption papers: for adopted children, official adoption documents are required.

  4. Proof of dependency: for dependent parents or other relatives, documents proving financial and social dependency on the sponsor are necessary. Financial documents: proof of income, bank statements, employment contracts, and other relevant financial documents. The sponsor must demonstrate sufficient financial means to support the family members. This includes: income statements (recent pay slips, employment contracts, or other proof of income) and bank statements (recent bank statements showing adequate funds to support the family members).

  5. Housing documents: Rental agreement or property ownership documents to prove adequate housing. The sponsor must provide evidence of suitable accommodation that meets Romanian living standards. Proof of the right for using and living in the premises in Romania. In order to make the proof of the dwelling premises, it will be necessary to submit one of the following documents: (i) sale-purchase agreement; (ii) rental/lease agreement registered with the competent tax authority; (iii) free loan / bailment agreement; (iv) court decision; (v) authenticated affidavit/statement concerning the acceptance in the dwelling premises, given by the owner, accompanied by the deed of ownership held by this owner regarding the premises; (vi) certificate issued by city hall attesting that the applicant or the owner are registered in the agricultural register, for the rural environment.

  6. Medical insurance: health insurance coverage for the family members. Family members must have valid health insurance coverage for their stay in Romania. This can be public or private health insurance, but it must meet Romanian standards. In order to obtain the family reunification, it will be necessary for the family members be insured in the national health insurance system. Consequently, it will be necessary to provide a certificate issued by the Health Insurance House or a receipt attesting the payment of your contribution to the health social security state budget. These documents must be valid on the date of submission of the family reunification application. The health insurance will be concluded with one of the Health Insurance Houses on the Romanian territory.

  7. Authenticated statement confirming that your family members will be residing with the sponsor.

  8. Written statement of the person sharing joint custody of the minor child for whom the sponsor is requesting family reunification, by which they give their consent for the child to live with the sponsor in Romania.

  9. Travel document for the family member for whom family reunification is requested.

  10. Application Form. A completed application form for family reunification must be submitted. This form can be obtained from the General Inspectorate for Immigration (IGI) or their official website.

  11. Recent Photographs. Passport-sized photographs of the family members, meeting the specific requirements set by the Romanian authorities.

 

Depending on the specific case, additional documents may be required, such as:

  • Police clearance certificate: in some cases, a police clearance certificate from the home country of the family members may be required.

  • Medical certificates: health certificates proving that family members do not suffer from contagious diseases may also be necessary.

 

The process of family reunification in Romania requires meticulous preparation and attention to detail. By understanding the required documents and ensuring they are complete and accurate, you can significantly increase the chances of a successful application. Stay informed, seek professional advice when needed, and prepare thoroughly to bring your family together in Romania.

 

Application process for family reunification visa before Romanian Immigration General Inspectorate (IGI)

 

A completed application form for family reunification must be submitted. This form can be obtained from the General Inspectorate for Immigration (IGI) or their official website. The family reunification process in Romania involves several steps, starting with preparing the necessary documents and ending with obtaining a long-term residence permit for the family members.

 

Step 1: Preparing the necessary documents for the reunification visa

 

Both the sponsor and the family members must gather various documents to support the application, as we have described above.

 

Step 2: Submit the application for family reunification

 

The sponsor must submit the family reunification application to the General Inspectorate for Immigration (IGI) in Romania. The application can be submitted online or in person at the nearest IGI office. Along with the application, all the necessary documents must be provided.

 

Step 3: Wait for approval for reunification

 

The processing time for family reunification applications can vary, but it generally takes between 3 to 6 months. During this period, the authorities will verify the provided documents and may request additional information or an interview with the sponsor and/or family members.

 

The family reunification application can only be approved if all the necessary conditions are fulfilled:

  1. there is no bigamy or polygamy;

  2. the applicant holds a dwelling place deemed as normal for a similar family in Romania;

  3. the applicant possesses means of support beyond those required for their own in accordance to the law, in the amount corresponding to the net minimum wage per each family member and

  4. the person for whom the family reunification is being requested must meet the following conditions: possess a valid document for crossing the state border, which is supported by the Romanian state; is not included in the category of persons against whom the measure of interdicting the entry in Romania was imposed or who were declared undesirable; does not present a danger or threat to national defense and security, order, health or public morals.

 

Step 4: Obtaining the long-stay visa for family reunification

 

Once the application is approved, the family members will be issued long-stay visa for family reunification from the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Romania in the state where your family members reside, allowing them to live and work in Romania. This permit is typically valid for one year and can be renewed annually.

 

Processing time and fees for family reunification in Romania

 

The processing time for family reunification applications is done within 3 months from the submission date. The answer will be received in writing, and if the application has been approved, it must be submitted to the family members who will present it at the diplomatic mission or at the consular office, within 60 days from the date of issue together with the application for the long stay visa for family reunification.

 

There are administrative fees associated with the application for family reunification, which should be verified with the Romanian Immigration General Inspectorate in Romania, as they can change.

 

Tips for ensuring your documentation is complete and accurate. Common mistakes to avoid in the family reunification visa process

 

Legal assistance: consider seeking legal advice or assistance from an immigration law attorney to navigate complex cases or if there are any uncertainties. We strongly recommend that the lawyer to be specialised in such immigration issues and to have previous experience in cases for family reunification in Romania.

 

Completeness and accuracy: ensure all documents are complete and accurate to avoid delays in the family reunification process.

 

Stay informed: keep up-to-date with any changes in immigration laws and policies that might affect your application.

 

Challenges and considerations within the family reunification in Romania visa process

 

While the process for family reunification in Romania is straightforward, there are some challenges and considerations to keep in mind:

  • Language barrier: all documents must be translated into Romanian by a certified translator.

  • Financial requirements: the sponsor must demonstrate sufficient income to support the family members, which can be a challenge for some applicants.

  • Housing requirements: adequate housing must be secured for the family members, which can sometimes be difficult to arrange in advance.

 

Rights and obligations after the family get reunited in Romania

 

After the emotional journey of separation and reunification, it's crucial for family members to understand and assert their rights in their new home country. These rights provide them with the necessary support and protection to thrive and contribute positively to Romanian society.

 

Rights afforded to reunited family members

 

Right to reside and work. Upon reunification, family members are granted the right to reside in Romania alongside the sponsor. They also have the right to work and pursue employment opportunities in Romania, subject to applicable labor laws and regulations.

 

Access to education. Reunited minor children have the right to access education in Romania. They can enroll in schools and educational institutions, benefiting from the country's educational system.

Access to healthcare. Family members have the right to access healthcare services in Romania, including medical treatment and emergency care. They may need to register with the Romanian healthcare system and obtain health insurance coverage for their medical needs.

Family reunification rights. Reunited family members have the right to maintain their family unit and enjoy family life together in Romania. They are entitled to protection against arbitrary separation or removal from the country, ensuring family unity is preserved.

Social and cultural rights. Family members have the right to participate in social and cultural activities in Romania, integrating into the local community. They can access community services, cultural events, and recreational facilities available to residents.

Legal rights and protections. Family members have legal rights and protections under Romanian law, ensuring they are treated fairly and justly. They can seek legal recourse and assistance in case of any disputes or infringements of their rights.

Obligations and responsibilities of reunited family members

Alongside their rights, reunited family members also have certain obligations to fulfill:

  • Compliance with Romanian laws and regulations: family members must adhere to Romanian laws and regulations during their stay in the country.

  • Integration and contribution: They are encouraged to integrate into Romanian society and contribute positively to their communities.

  • Financial responsibility: Family members may be required to support themselves financially, depending on their circumstances and the sponsor's ability to provide financial support.

 

Family reunification in Romania not only brings families together but also grants them essential rights and protections to thrive in their new environment. By understanding and asserting these rights, reunited family members can build a fulfilling life in Romania and contribute positively to society. It's essential for both sponsors and family members to be aware of their rights and obligations, ensuring a smooth transition and integration process.

 

Family reunification visa: a pathway to permanent residency and citizenship in Romania

 

Family reunification serves not only as a means to bring families together but also as a pathway to obtaining permanent residency and citizenship in Romania. Understanding how family reunification can lead to long-term settlement and citizenship is crucial for individuals seeking to build a future in Romania. In this comprehensive guide, we explore how family reunification serves as a stepping stone towards permanent residency and citizenship in Romania.

 

Family reunification in Romania provides individuals with an opportunity to legally reside in the country alongside their family members. It allows sponsors to bring their spouses, children, and dependent parents to live with them, fostering family unity and support.

 

Family reunification visa as a pathway to permanent residency in Romania

 

  1. Residence permits for reunited family members. Upon approval of the family reunification application, family members are granted visa in Romania. These visas allow family members to legally reside in Romania for the duration specified in the permit.

  2. Residence rights and privileges. Reunited family members enjoy similar rights and privileges as the sponsor, including access to education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. They have the right to reside and work in Romania, contributing to the country's economy and society.

  3. Renewal and extension of visa and residence permits. Residence permits and visa can be renewed or extended, allowing family members to continue residing in Romania beyond the initial period. Renewal of residence permits and visa is typically subject to meeting certain criteria, such as maintaining legal residence and abiding by Romanian laws.

 

Family reunification visa as a pathway to citizenship in Romania

 

  1. Residency requirement for citizenship. Permanent residency is a prerequisite for obtaining Romanian citizenship through naturalization. Family members who have resided legally in Romania for a specified period may become eligible to apply for permanent residency and subsequently citizenship.

  2. Naturalization process. After meeting the residency requirement, family members can apply for Romanian citizenship through the naturalization process. This process involves submitting an application to the competent authorities, demonstrating integration into Romanian society, and passing language and citizenship tests.

  3. Benefits of citizenship. Romanian citizenship grants individuals various rights and privileges, including the right to vote, access to social benefits, and unrestricted travel within the European Union. Citizenship also provides a sense of belonging and security, allowing individuals to fully participate in and contribute to Romanian society.

 

Family reunification visa in Romania not only brings families together but also offers a pathway to permanent residency and citizenship. By understanding the legal processes and requirements involved, individuals can navigate the reunification journey with confidence, knowing that it can lead to long-term settlement and integration in Romania. Embracing family reunification as a pathway to permanent residency and citizenship opens doors to new opportunities and a brighter future in Romania.

Conclusion

Family reunification in Romania is a structured yet compassionate process designed to bring families together. By understanding the legal requirements, preparing the necessary documents, and following the outlined steps, you can navigate the process with confidence. Whether you're reuniting with your spouse, children, or parents, this guide provides all the information you need to ensure a successful family reunification journey in Romania.

Conclusion: prepare for family reunification in Romania, where the power of love conquers all obstacles

 

Family reunification in Romania is a vital process that enables families to stay together and build a life in this beautiful country. By understanding the eligibility criteria, preparing the necessary documents, and following the application procedure, you can navigate the process successfully. Always consult with legal experts or immigration specialists to ensure a smooth and efficient application process.

 

If you found this guide helpful, share it with others who might be seeking family reunification in Romania. Keeping families together is important, and with the right information, the process can be much easier.

 

Are you looking for an immigration lawyer in Romania? Feel free to get in touch with our english speaking specialist on family reunification immigration issues at sorina@roadvocacy.ro or +40 744 65 09 50 or using the contact form on at www.roadvocacy.ro

 

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